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?????????? ?????????? ???
 

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?????????? ?????????? ???

? ?????????? ??????????? ?????????????? ??? ??? ????????? ??????????? ? ??? ???????? ?????????? ?????????? ?? ????????????, ??????? ?????????? ?????????? ???????????. ???? ?????????? ?????????? ??????????? ?? ?????? ?? ???????????? ? ???????? ??????-?????????? ????????. ?????? ?????? ??????? ???????????? ???????????? ?????????? ?????????? ????????, ??????? ????????? ???????????? ??????? ?? ??? ????????.

???? ??????? ??????? ???????? ??? ???? ?? ????????? ? ???????????? ????????? ???????? ??????????????? ????????????, ?? ??? ??????? ??????? ??????????? ???????? ???????????? ??? ???????? ????????????? ??????????? ???????? ????? ? ??????????? ????????? ????????????? ??? ??????????? ??? ??????? ? ???????????? ??????? ????? ?????? ????????? ??? ?????, ???????????? ??????????. ????? ????????? ???????? ??? ??????? ????????? ???????? ??????? ? ???? ???????.

? ?????????? ??????? ????????? ??????????? ????? ??? ????? ?????????? ??????? ?????, ???????????? ?????????? , ??? ???????? ???????? , ???????????? ? ?? ????????? ???????????, ???????????? ?? ???????

, . (2.1)

????? ? ?????????????? ?????? ???? ? ??????????? ???????? ??? ????????? ?????, - ???????, ? ??????? ???????????? ????????. ???? ??????? ???????????? ????? ?????? , ? ???????? ?? ??????? ?? , ?? ???? , ??

, . (2.2)

???? ??????? ??????? ???????? ??? ?????????? ? ??????????? ???????? ???????? ??????????????? ????????????, ???, ????????, ????? ????? ? ??????????? ??????????, ?? ?????? ?????????? ?????????? ??????????? ? ??????? ??????????????? ????? ?????? ?????????. ???? ??????? ?????????? ?????????? ?????????? ?? ?????????, ?????? ????????? ???????? ??????????? ?????? ??????? ????????? ?????????? ???? ? ?????????? ???????, ? ??????? ??????? ??????????, ?? ??? ?????????? ???????

, , (2.3)

??? - ??????? ????????, - ?????? ????, ? - ?????? ????????? ?????????????? ?????????? ????????, ???? ? ???????, ??? ??????????? ??????? ???? ?????????? ????????? ???????????? ???? ? ??????? ????? ??????????, ? ????????? ?????? ?????????? ????????. ?????????????, ? ?????? ?????????? ?????????????? ??? ????????? ??? ??????? ?????????? ???? ????? ??????????? ? ????

, (2.4)

??? - ??????? ?????????? ????, ??????? ???? ??, ???? ?? ???? ?? ???????????????, - ????????? ??????? ???????? ?????????? ??? ?????????? ( ????????????, ???? ??????? ???????? ???????????), ? - ??????? ?????????? ??????????? ?????, ????????????? ?? ???????????? ??????? ? ???? ??????????????. ??????? ??????? ? ? ??????? ????????? ?????????????????? ???????? ?????????:

.

?????? ???????, ??? ??? ?????????? ??????? (2.3) ???????? ? ? (2.4) ???? ?? ????????? ? ? ??? ????? ??????????. ???? ??? ???? ??????????? ???????

, (2.5)

?? ??? ??????????? ??? ???????? ??????? ????? ???????????? ???????????? ?????????

, (2.6)

??????? ???????? ??????? ??????? ?????????, ???????????? ?????????? ???????? ????????? [1], ? ?????????? ?? ???? ??? ?????????????, ??? ??????????? ?????????? ??????? ?? ??????? ????????, - ??????? ??????????, - ??????????? ???????? ????????? ????????.

???? ?????-???? ??????? (2.3), (2.5) ?? ???????????, ?????????? ????????? ?????????? ???? ? (???) ???????. ??????? ??????? ????? ?????? ????????? ??? ???? ? ???????, ????????????? ???????? ???????, ????????? ? [2]. ? ????? ?????? ?????? ??????? ??????????? ???????????? ??? ??? ???????? ????????????? ???????? ? ??????? ???????? ????? ???? ???????????, ????????, ??????? ???????? ????????? [3].

??????????

1. ?????? ?.?., ???????? ?.?. ?????, ????? ? ???????? ?? ??????? ?????????.-?.: ?????, 1960.

2. ??????? ?.?., ???? ?.?. ???????????????? ? ???????????? ????????? ?????????????? ?????? ??????. ?.: ?????, 1990.

3. ?. ?. ????????. ????? ???????? ????????? ? ?????????? ??????? ?????????? ????????.-?????????, 2009.

 

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???????? ?? ???????


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